Intent and Implementation

Why do we teach maths?

We encounter different aspects of maths everyday in our lives. For example, setting the alarm clock so that we get up on time; salaries and wages – spending, saving and using a bank account; the football scores etc. Without maths skills and knowledge, we wouldn’t be able to function in modern society.

Our Maths Intent

At Pentland, our aim is for all pupils to develop a love and enjoyment of mathematics so that they can ‘be the best that they can be’ in mathematics. We strive for every child to be fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics; to be able to reason mathematically as well as being able to solve problems by applying their mathematical knowledge and skills. Our aspiration is that by the time they are ready to move on to the next stage of their academic careers, every child will know and be able to successfully apply a range of strategies and will have a bank of mathematical knowledge. This means that they will be confident in attempting to solve mathematical problems and that they will be resilient – they will continue to try different strategies and approaches as necessary.

By the end of EY, our intent is that pupils will be able to count, sequence and manipulate through simple calculation the numbers from 1 to 20. They will be starting to use mathematical language and to solve number problems which are appropriate to their context.

By the end of KS1, our intent is that pupils are mentally fluent with whole numbers, number bonds to 20, counting and place value. They will be confident in working with numerals, words and the four operations as well as a range of practical resources in order to support their mathematical thought processes. They will know and be able to apply their knowledge of different shapes and a range of measures, accurately using the related mathematical vocabulary.

By the end of KS2, our intent is that pupils will have become more fluent in using whole numbers, place value and the four operations, such that they are able to confidently use efficient written and mental methods of calculation. They will have developed their ability to solve a wider range of more complex problems including fractions, decimal place value, percentages and ratio; geometry and measures plus algebra. Their mathematical language will have developed to include properties of shape.


Mathematics Implementation

In all key stages we use a Mastery Approach. A mathematical concept or skill is said to have been mastered when a pupil can represent it in multiple ways, has the mathematical language to communicate related ideas, and can independently apply the concept to new problems in unfamiliar situations.

Mastery is an inclusive approach which enables pupils to build on their previous learning and demonstrate a deeper, conceptual understanding of a topic. Central to our practice is the use of a wide range of different models and representations (concrete, pictorial and abstract in addition to numbers and symbols) which help pupils to visualise and make connections in their learning, so that they can reason. Several other elements, including fluent recall and application of mathematical knowledge and skills plus experience of many different contexts, are also key and when combined lead to accurate and efficient problem solving. Hence, for all maths topics, our lessons follow the stages of teaching fluency, reasoning and problem solving.


Click here to see the Maths Long Term Overview


Foundation Stage

Maths in Nursery is cross-curricular everyday within the setting. Maths is very practical based and children are encouraged to apply their mathematical knowledge in all areas of play. Staff work alongside the children to develop their mathematical skills. Nursery have one topic related Maths focus session weekly which is teacher led in small key groups.

In Reception, children have a daily Maths session delivered in their maths groups. There are opportunities in all areas for children to apply their maths and secure their learning. Teachers continue to work alongside children in all areas of the setting to extend and develop their numeracy skills. During the early stages of Reception, Maths is very practical based, moving on to more formal Maths sessions to prepare the children for Year 1.


Mental Arithmetic

Key Stage 1

Every day in Key Stage One children work on their Mental Maths at the start of a lesson in order to support the development of their fluency skills.

Year One

Children in Year One complete Maths in a Minute every day. The children try to answer 20 questions in a minute and constantly improve their time. These questions work on doubling, halving and number bonds. As the children grow more confident, the questions become more difficult.

Year Two

Children in Year Two complete Schofield and Sims every day at the start of their maths lesson. The tasks are appropriate to the pupil’s stage of learning and questions get progressively more challenging as they work through the activities in order to ensure that they achieve their potential.

Key Stage 2

Throughout Key Stage Two, children have Maths every day for 1 hour and 10 minutes. For the first ten minutes of the lesson, children complete parts of a Schofield and Sims test. They complete one Maths test a week – Section A, B and C and mark the test at the end of the week. Completing Schofield and Sims every day has helped children throughout Key Stage Two to improve their mental Maths skills, which has had an impact across their whole Maths learning.




Online resources – Mathletics and Times Table Rockstars

We use 2 websites in maths which are favourites with the pupils. Every child in KS2 has a login to both sites, so that they can access them from home.

As well as being used at school for maths teaching, Mathletics allows pupils to complete – in a totally safe environment – against other pupils right around the World in arithmetic. Plus there are lots of fun activities, in all covering all the topics of the maths curriculum, to help pupils to learn. Every pupil in school has a login to Mathletics – use the link below to log in.

Times Table Rockstars is for practicing the multiplication tables. Pupils love it, especially when they were competing against other classes in the Battle of the Bands. Last year all the classes in KS2 competed against each other and the winning class went on a fantastic trip to Lightwater Valley.